Treatment of Lower Extremity Arterial Problems
Treatment of lower extremity arterial problems may include management of risk factors that may cause the disease to worsen and/or surgery.
At Yale Vascular Surgery, our team includes nationally renowned surgeons who are dedicated to helping patients affected by vascular disease and who have continually excelled in caring for patients with lower extremity arterial. They will help determine the best-possible comprehensive treatment by using the latest technology and compassionate care.
Should you require surgery, our surgeons will review your surgical plan with you, in detail, so that you know what to expect before, during, and after the surgery.
Management of Lower Extremity Arterial Problems
The management of lower extremity arterial problems may include modifying outstanding risk factors, such as quitting smoking or changing your diet, and medications that can control possible risk factors, such as high blood pressure.
Sometimes, clot-dissolving medications are administered through a small catheter placed inside the artery to remove the clot and restore normal blood flow. This treatment is called thrombolysis.
Surgery for Lower Extremity Arterial Problems
An angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure that helps improve the circulation in your legs. During an angioplasty, a long, thin, flexible tube, called a catheter, is inserted into a small incision. The catheter is guided through your arteries to the blocked area(s). Once there, a special balloon attached to the catheter is inflated and deflated several times in order to widen the artery walls. In some cases, a tiny stent (a mesh-metal tube) is placed into the narrowed area of the artery to keep it open.
Atherectomy (laser or mechanical)
This procedure removes plaque from arteries using a catheter inserted inside of the artery with blockages.
For more extensive blockages, bypass surgery may be required.
In bypass surgery, a Y-shaped tube made of synthetic fabric, called a graft, is attached to the aorta above the blockage to create a detour around the narrowed or blocked sections of the artery.